Mechanism of Montevideo: rigorous dialogue proposal for the political sectors of Venezuela

In the face of the continuous imperial attacks that the US government is still perpetrating against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, such as the electric shock and the threats of military intervention, this Saturday, President Nicolás Maduro Moros, made a call to the presidents of Mexico, Uruguay, Bolivia and the 14 member countries of the Caribbean Community (Caricom), to activate the dialogue with the political, economic and social sectors of the country, framed in the Montevideo Mechanism.

From the Miraflores Palace, the Head of State, urged to accept this call, as an expression of political maturity, of interest to the nation and as an expression of what Venezuelans want, he also stressed that “Venezuela asks for accompaniment for a great dialogue of peace among Venezuelans”.

Beginnings

Last February, the Montevideo Mechanism was activated in Uruguay, a rigorous initiative that seeks to promote dialogue among the political sectors in Venezuela. At the meeting convened initially by the governments of Mexico and Uruguay, countries that believe and defend dialogue as the only possible way to resolve political differences between the Bolivarian Government and the opposition also attended.

This proposal, arose in response to the events that took place on January 23, 2019, when the Venezuelan opposition led by the US government decided to undertake a coup strategy against the constitutional president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro Moros, self-proclaiming the deputy Juan Guaidó, as interim president of the Republic, without any legal basis.

The Four Phases of the Montevideo Mechanism

The Montevideo Mechanism, an instrument with the intermediation of Mexico, Uruguay, and 14 countries that make up the Caribbean Community (Caricom), which Bolivia later joined, respects the principles of sovereignty established in the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

This mechanism consists of four phases to resolve disputes.

First phase: An immediate dialogue and the generation of necessary conditions to achieve a rapprochement between the parties involved in the conflict.

Second phase: Negotiation, presentation of the results of the dialogue leading to a space for the flexibilization of positions that allows to find points in common between the parties.

Third phase: Commitment and subscription of the agreements.

Fourth phase: Implementation and realization of the agreements with the support of an international accompaniment.

For his part, the People’s Power Minister for Foreign Relations, Jorge Arreaza, alluding to the call of the Head of State, said through Twitter @jaarreaza, that the Montevideo Mechanism is the most sincere and rigorous initiative that has been proposed. He reiterated that dialogue and politics are always the way and that war and violence have no place in Venezuela.

In previous months, the president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, had already expressed publicly at a press conference from the Miraflores Palace, that he was ready to participate in an open agenda of understanding for the peace of Venezuela, at the time he expressed his support for the Montevideo Mechanism and its four phases.

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